Since 1853, France has claimed the islands, which are home to about 270,000 people. Caledonia is considered a non-self-governing region where the process of decolonization was not completed. 

Caledonia rejects independence, and France feels so proud


What does Caledonia have that makes France proud of its adherence to it?

Caledonia has deposits of nickel in extremely large quantities, and this element is considered essential in the manufacture of electronics; This accelerates France's pride in Caledonia adherence to it, as this element "nickel" is considered one of the strategic economic and political assets in the region. 


The people in the Caledonia region refused independence from France.

The South Pacific region refused independence from France in a referendum that was held for the third time.  The archipelago voted to stay in France, although the percentage between those who agree and reject it is 3%; However, the majority remains dependent on France.  That's according to the French news agency. 

Caledonia was a follower of France for 170 years, and despite the independence of the region to a large extent; however, he is still heavily dependent on France for education and defense, in addition to the subsidies that the region receives from Paris. 

A third referendum will be held in 2022, in the event that one-third of the council's members request this referendum.

The referendum that was held recently, was part of a series of votes that had been agreed upon two decades ago.  With regard to the population; European descendants represent about a third, while Kanaks represent about 40% of the population, and the rest of the people are residents coming from other islands of the Pacific as well.


The continuation of Caledonia as a subordinate of France is considered a win-win situation for both parties, as both the island and France, depending on each other in various matters, whether economically or in relation to defense, this is a win-win deal for both parties.