Amidst the tensions in the political arena in Washington, and the deep divisions between the Democratic and Republican parties, the two parties are united on one point: This year is the year of the woman in Washington.


And it is not just a matter of Kamala Harris, Vice President-elect, breaking the glass ceiling, to be the first woman to reach the White House, and the first African-American woman to sit in the vice president's seat, but also to Congress, where the female candidates made historic gains that broke previous records.


Although the results have not yet been fully resolved, it is certain that when Congress convenes in its 117th session, at least 138 women will sit in the seats they won, this number surpassing the figures for the year 2018, which saw 127 women win the elections.


But what is striking this year is that it was the Republicans who broke the records, as 13 new female candidates for the party won the legislative elections, a very large number compared to the new orphan seat won by one Republican woman in 2018, Carol Miller of West Virginia. As the results continue to be sorted, it seems that the Republicans managed to break their numbers for the year 2006, when they elected 25 female deputies in the House of Representatives, as the preliminary numbers today indicate that their number has reached 26 in the new House of Representatives (between new and old faces) and this number will increase with the issuance of more Of the results.


Female representation is of utmost importance to the Republican Party, which has been fighting for some time to break out of the shell of male representation in Congress and improve its former image as the "white men" party. This is what Republican Representative Ashley Henson spoke about, who won the Iowa state race, and said: “What I see is that there are many men named Jim in the Republican Rally and there are not enough women. I think that the number of women is important because it changes the nature of the dialogue in the country about the party’s image. ”


- Image of the Republican Party


This effort to change the party’s image began some time ago, and the Republicans allocated a large budget to it, as 227 republics ran for the House of Representatives and 23 for the Senate in this election cycle, and out of this large number, 23 republics managed to reach the House of Representatives. Republican Representative Elise Stephanie has worked hard to get these female candidates into Congress, and spoke about the experience of 2018 when only one Republican woman won the race: "Two years ago, it was clear that Republicans were facing a crisis over the number of women in Congress."


Stephanie is one of the prominent faces who shone during the efforts to impeach US President Donald Trump, and appeared as a fierce defender of him during the impeachment sessions. Republicans relied on her mainly because she represented the Republican female voice in the House of Representatives. She wants to include more female voices for her. Republicans rely heavily on the votes of "suburban women" to win, so they believe that the female component will help them in future elections. This is what Henson, who won in Iowa, says: “A lot of my election campaign has been about I, too, have a family. "I am a working woman, a mother, and my husband owns a small business, so we feel the challenges that many families feel." "I think Americans want someone who looks like them to represent them in Congress," Henson said.


These women's gains coincide with the centenary of allowing women to vote in the United States, says Director of the Center for American Women and Politics Debbie Walsh: “The year 2018 told the story of democratic success. This year we see big gains from the Republicans. The gains for women must come from both parties to achieve fair representation in Congress. ”


Words that reflect the reality in Congress, despite all these women's gains from both the Democratic and Republican sides, the representation of women in the 535-seat Congress is still less than a quarter, and the republics represent only 13 percent of the Republican representation there, while Democratic women enjoy 104 Seats in both houses. These figures reflect the significant difference in the representation of women in the two parties.


This difference was evident when Nancy Pelosi took over the Presidency of the House of Representatives in 2006, becoming the first woman to hold this position.


In the event that Pelosi is able to preserve her seat in the presidency of the Council in the new session of Congress, the spotlight will be greatly shed on the Democratic Party's achievements in women's representation, especially in the State of the Union speeches. For for the first time in history, two women will sit behind the president, the first is Kamala Harris in the Senate seat, and next to her will Pelosi sit in the seat of the Speaker of the House.


- «The Second Master»


For the first time in American history, a man will occupy the position of "second master." The husband of Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, Douglas Imhoff, 56, will be the first man in the position in the White House that is now occupied by Karen Pence, wife of US Vice President Mike Pence. Imhoff is a former lawyer and has announced his resignation from his position at his law firm "to devote himself to his role in the White House." Imhoff said of his new role: "It is a great honor … I hope to start working on the files of justice and opportunities to realize the American dream." "Doug, I know that you too have made history in the work you are going to start with," Biden said to Imhoff of his new role.